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Building Conservation Associates

Concrete

Hollywood Masonic Temple

Hollywood Masonic Temple Location: Los Angeles, CaliforniaYear Built: 1926Original Architect: John C. Austin Designed by John C. Austin, the façade was conceived in a neo-classical mode while the interior was an eclectic mix of neo classical and Arts and Crafts detailing. Originally a masonic temple, the building now serves as a television studio and is part of the El Capitan Entertainment Centre. BCA created Historic American Building Survey (HABS) documentation for the building, including creating measured drawings, historic research, and preservation guidelines. Subsequently, BCA oversaw...

45th Road Courthouse Square Station

45th Road Courthouse Square Station Location: Queens, New YorkYear Built: 1916Original Architect: Squire Joseph Vickers BCA provided documentation and design documents for the station renovation as part of a larger commercial development project. 45th Road–Court House Square station was built in 1916 to extend the Interborough Rapid Transit Company's Flushing Line to Long Island City, Queens. in 1940, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) took over the Interborough Rapid Transit Company in 1940 and made small changes, such as lengthening the platform, to the elevated rail station....

Orchard Beach Bath House

Orchard Beach Bath House Location: Bronx, New YorkYear Built: 1936Original Architect: Aymar Embury BCA is the historic preservation and materials conservation consultant for the repair and restoration of the Orchard Beach Pavilion at Orchard Beach in Pelham Bay Park, Bronx, NY. Part of the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation, Orchard Beach was proclaimed “The Riviera of New York” when it was created in the 1930s. The monumental red brick, concrete, and glazed terra cotta Pavilion was designed by Aymar Embury in the Moderne style according to Beaux-Arts planning principles....

Old North Church

Old North Church Location: Boston, MassachusettsYear Built: 1723Original Architects: William Price The Old North Church, built in 1722, is the oldest standing church building in Boston, and a National Historic Landmark. The Georgian style structure was designed by William Price but was modeled after the work of Christopher Wren who had built several famous buildings in London. BCA reviewed prior studies of the decorative finishes, and performed paint analysis and probes to determine the architectural history of the sanctuary walls, trim, decorative elements and pews. Some elements of the early...

New Canaan Modern House Survey

New Canaan Modern House Survey Location: New Canaan, Connecticut In the post-World War II period, an informal network of Modern architects later known as the “Harvard Five”—Marcel Breuer, Landis Gores, John Johansen, Eliot Noyes, and Philip Johnson—moved to the bucolic town of New Canaan, Connecticut, and established what would become a center of experimental Modern residential design. The National Trust for Historic Preservation Northeast Office, the New Canaan Historical Society, the Philip Johnson Glass House, the Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, and the Connecticut Commission...

Los Angeles Central Library

Los Angeles Central Library Location: Los Angeles, California Year Built: 1926 Original Architect: Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue  The Los Angeles Central Library or the Richard J. Riordan Central Library complex is considered to be the largest library in the United States. The Main building was designed by Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue in the ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Revival Style. The library, built in 1926, is a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument and is in the National Register of Historic Places. BCA conducted a conditions survey of the exterior of the library and prepared plans and...

Hurley Building

Hurley Building Location: Boston, Massachusetts Year Built: 1971 Original Architect: Paul Rudolph, Constantino Nivola – mural artist  The Hurley Building is one of two buildings in the Boston Government Service Center. The Brutalist concrete structure, designed by Paul Rudolph, was completed in 1971. In the Lobby of the Hurley Building are two murals by Costantino Nivola. The murals, each measuring 25 feet tall and nearly 50 feet long, were created in 1969 by Nivola in his signature “Sgraffito” technique. Both murals depict the benefits of governmental service and assistance. BCA was retained...

University of Pennsylvania, Richards Medical Research Laboratory

University of Pennsylvania, Richards Medical Research Laboratory Location: Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaYear Built: 1962Original Architect: Louis Kahn The Richards Medical Research Laboratory, designed by the internationally influential Philadelphia architect Louis Kahn, was completed in 1962. It was immediately heralded as one of the most consequential buildings of the 20th century and one of Kahn’s greatest achievements due to Kahn’s unique approach to materials and building organization. The building’s significance and relatively high degree of integrity led to its designation as a National...

U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial

U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial Location: Arlington, VirginiaYear Built: 1954Original Architect: Felix de Weldon & Horace W. Peaslee Dedicated in 1954 to honor all Marine Corps members who have died in service, the U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) features a bronze sculpture by Felix de Weldon based on the iconic photograph taken by Joe Rosenthal of the flag raising at Iwo Jima from World War II. The memorial features dark gray exposed aggregate concrete designed and installed by Earley Studio using a process developed by John Joseph Earley, a pioneer in exposed aggregate...

Fenway Park

Fenway Park Location: Boston, MassachusettsYear Built: 1912Original Architect: James E. McLaughlin Opened in 1912, Fenway Park is the oldest major league baseball park in the United States and is designated as a National Landmark. Fenway Park was originally designed by James E. McLaughlin and is constructed of steel, brick and concrete and is comprised of several buildings making up the park, its most famous being the original 1912 Yawkey Building. As part of a comprehensive restoration, funded in part by Federal Historic Tax Credits, BCA has provided the Red Sox with services including...

Faneuil Hall Marketplace

Faneuil Hall Marketplace Location: Boston, MassachusettsYear Built: 1742Original Architect: John Smibert (original); Charles Bulfinch (1805 expansion) Faneuil Hall Market place was built in 1742, commissioned by Peter Faneuil, a wealthy merchant, to accommodate Boston’s growing buying power. The market sold fish, meat, and produce and was the site of speeches given by Samuel Adams and James Otis. The Marketplace was expanded in 1806 by, famed architect, Charles Bullfinch in the Greek Revival style and was later merged with neighboring markets. Faneuil Hall was designated a National Historic...

Miller House & Garden

Miller House & Garden Location: Columbus, Indiana Original Architect: Eero SaarinenYear Built: 1957 The Miller House and Garden in Columbus, Indiana, is one of the country’s most highly regarded examples of mid-century Modernist residences. It was designed by Eero Saarinen, with interiors by Alexander Girard and landscape design by Daniel Urban Kiley. The Miller House and Garden was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2000. BCA is part of a multi-disciplinary team that is preparing a Conservation Master Plan of the Miller House and Garden with the goals to articulate an overarching...

Columbia University, Manhattanville Campus

Columbia University, Manhattanville Campus Location: New York, New YorkYear Built: 1923, 1927 During the initial planning stages of Columbia University's project to create its new world-class campus in the Manhattanville section of Harlem, BCA advised the university and its architects on preservation issues related to the historic industrial buildings in the neighborhood. The culmination of this work involved preparing historic preservation plans for the former Studebaker (1923) and Warren Nash (1927) showrooms and service centers, which were used to guide the rehabilitation and adaptive...

Boston City Hall

Boston City Hall Location: Boston, Massachusetts Year Built: 1968 Original Architect: Kallmann McKinnell & Knowles  https://www.bostonpreservation.org/advocacy-project/boston-city-hall-conservation-management-plan Boston City Hall was designed by Kallmann, McKinnell, and Knowles as part of a nation-wide competition. It is internationally recognized as a masterwork of 1960s modernism and civic design. Boston City Hall has been the seat of municipal government in the City of Boston since the building opened to the public in February 1969. BCA completed Boston City Hall’s Conservation Management...

Bach House

Bach House Location: Chicago, IllinoisYear Built: 1915Original Architect: Frank Lloyd Wright The Bach House was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright for Emil Bach, owner of the Bach Brick Company, and built in 1915. The house is one of Wright’s last small urban commissions and is one of only a few Frank Lloyd Wright houses in the City of Chicago. The simple and compact house is “semi-cubist” in design. The geometry of the design is accentuated by the placement of specific materials as well as colors on the exterior, making the material choice and color palette an important part of Wright’s original...

Unity Temple

Unity Temple Location: Oak Park, IllinoisYear Built: 1905-1908Original Architect: Frank Lloyd Wright Unity Temple, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1907, is an early example of modern church architecture and is one of the earliest public buildings in the United States to feature exposed concrete. BCA completed an interior finishes analysis of both Unity House and Unity Temple in order to better understand Wright's original intention for the finishes of the spaces. Through a combination of cross-section microscopy, in situ exposures, and instrumental analysis, BCA was able to...

New York Hall of Science

New York Hall of Science Location: Queens, New York Original Architect: Wallace K. Harrison Year Built: 1964 The New York Hall of Science was established as part of the 1964 World’s Fair and is one of the few extant structures in Flushing Meadow-Corona Park. Designed by Wallace K. Harrison (Harrison and Abramowitz), the Hall of Science is distinguished by its serpentine plan. The 80-foot-high walls are a curved reinforced concrete grid comprised of horizontal and vertical flat concrete bands creating approximately 5,400 cells. Each of the cells is filled by cobalt blue glass polygons...

177 Huntington Avenue

177 Huntington Avenue Location: Boston, Massachusetts Year Built: 1972 Original Architect: I.M. Pei & Partners and Araldo Cossutta Associated Architects  The Christian Science Plaza was designed in the 1970’s by I. M. Pei & Associates. The Church added new concrete structures and landscaping to existing historic church buildings to create a unified complex. One of these buildings, 177 Huntington Avenue, or the Plaza's Administration Building was built in 1972. This Modernist building is constructed of concrete and is a listed Boston Landmark. BCA performed cleaning tests, including...

Pilgrim Hall Museum

Pilgrim Hall Museum Location: Plymouth, Massachusetts Original Architect: Alexander Parris Year Built: 1824 The Pilgrim Hall Museum, operated by the Pilgrim Society, is the oldest public museum in the United States. The Museum, designed by Alexander Parris, was opened in 1824 and is made mostly of Quincy Granite. Since its opening, the museum as survived many changes, including the addition of the Steinway Library in 1904. The library addition interior includes a Guastavino tile ceiling, a carved limestone fireplace, and a terrazzo floor with a mosaic tile border. BCA's work included initial...

National Museum of African American History and Culture

National Museum of African American History and Culture Location: Washington, D.C. Original Architect: David Adjaye, Phil Freelon, Zena Howard, J. Max Bond Jr.Year Built: 2016 The Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture opened to the public in September 2016 after years of construction and decades of planning. The lower floors contain the History Galleries, which chronologically present artifacts telling the story of African Americans’ experience in, and contributions to, the United States. Several of these artifacts are entire structures transported from around...